Mechanistic roles of microRNAs in hepatocarcinogenesis [electronic resource] : A study of thioacetamide with multiple doses and time-points of rats

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Ngôn ngữ: eng

Ký hiệu phân loại: 616.9945 Other diseases

Thông tin xuất bản: Oak Ridge, Tenn. : Oak Ridge, Tenn. : Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education ; Distributed by the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, U.S. Dept. of Energy, 2017

Mô tả vật lý: Size: Article No. 3054 : , digital, PDF file.

Bộ sưu tập: Metadata

ID: 260489

Environmental chemicals exposure is one of the primary factors for liver toxicity and hepatocarcinoma. Thioacetamide (TAA) is a well-known hepatotoxicant and could be a liver carcinogen in humans. The discovery of early and sensitive microRNA (miRNA) biomarkers in liver injury and tumor progression could improve cancer diagnosis, prognosis, and management. To study this, we performed next generation sequencing of the livers of Sprague-Dawley rats treated with TAA at three doses (4.5, 15 and 45 mg/kg) and four time points (3-, 7-, 14- and 28-days). Overall, 330 unique differentially expressed miRNAs (DEMs) were identified in the entire TAA-treatment course. Of these, 129 DEMs were found significantly enriched for the ?liver cancer? annotation. These results were further complemented by pathway analysis (Molecular Mechanisms of Cancer, p53-, TGF-?-, MAPK- and Wnt-signaling). Two miRNAs (rno-miR-34a-5p and rno-miR-455-3p) out of 48 overlapping DEMs were identified to be early and sensitive biomarkers for TAA-induced hepatocarcinogenicity. We have shown significant regulatory associations between DEMs and TAA-induced liver carcinogenesis at an earlier stage than histopathological features. Most importantly, miR-34a-5p is the most suitable early and sensitive biomarker for TAA-induced hepatocarcinogenesis due to its consistent elevation during the entire treatment course.
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