Fuel Property Characterization and Prediction [electronic resource]

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Tác giả:

Ngôn ngữ: eng

Ký hiệu phân loại: 662.8 Other fuels

Thông tin xuất bản: Washington, D.C. : Oak Ridge, Tenn. : United States. Office of the Assistant Secretary of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy ; Distributed by the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, U.S. Dept. of Energy, 2019

Mô tả vật lý: Size: 1.8 MB : , digital, PDF file.

Bộ sưu tập: Metadata

ID: 266307

The Fuel Property Characterization and Prediction effect with the Co-Optimization of Fuels and Engines (Co-Optima) initiative is focused on the measurement or prediction of key fuel properties. Efforts under the Vehicle Technologies Office (VTO) have focused on understanding how fuel evaporation phenomena can impact auto-ignition, mixing, and pollutant formation by studying the most important azeotropic interactions between alcohols and gasoline components utilizing a novel Differential Scanning Calorimetry/Thermogravimetric Analysis instrument coupled to a Mass Spectrometer (DSC/TGA/MS). In another effort, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) measurements were utilized to understand how oxygenate clusters and networks contribute to vapor pressure effects. This is critical for predicting fuel droplet evaporation and effects on combustion. A method was developed on the Advanced Fuel Ignition Delay Analyzer (AFIDA) to rapidly measure the Research Octane Number (RON) and Sensitivity (S) of samples utilizing small volumes, which will aid in the pace of development of new fuels having targeted properties. Additionally, the AFIDA was employed to develop a method for fast measurement of phi-sensitivity in a bench-scale test that will allow studies of molecular structure effects on mechanism kinetics of this poorly understood kinetic phenomena. A flow reactor was also utilized to investigate the mechanistic basis of phi-sensitivity by identifying and quantitating key species in autoignition mechanisms that can explain phi-sensitivity. The outcomes of these efforts will help ensure that the Co-Optima program can advance the underlying science needed to develop biomass-derived-fuel and advanced engine technologies that will work in tandem to achieve Co-Optima's efficiency, environmental, and economic goals.
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